What is it?
- Catch-all term for overuse problems affecting the legs
- Anterior-lateral is overuse of the dorsiflexor muscles including the tibialis anterior
- Posterior-medial, also called medial tibial stress syndrome effects the tibialis posterior muscle and soleus
- A major factor for the posterior shin splints is overpronation. The tibialis posterior controls pronation and is excessively stretched during overpronation.
- Anterior shin splints may be caused by weakness in the anterior tibialis muscle and tightness in the calf muscles.
- Sudden changes in running surface, distance, speed may all contribute to the development of shin splints.
- Pain typically at the start of activity and then decreasing as the muscles warm up. Pain typically reoccurs after the activity is done.
- Point tenderness along the affected muscles.
- Education on proper training techniques and when to switch shoes out ( anterior/lateral )
- Stability or motion control footwear if overpronation causes the pain
- Superfeet insoles to align the foot and reduce the instability of the foot/ankle/leg that causes the problem
- Compression sleeves and socks, to stabilize the calf muscle
- Massage and icing to reduce the tightening --> pulling mechanism of the calf that contributes to shin splint pain
- Physical Therapist may suggest strengthening exercises.
"My shins feel better already!"